Three Faces of Mars Page

Mars Oppositions

Next Mars Opposition: July 22, 2018 when the red planet will be in the constellation of Capricornus. Another must-see opposition, when Mars is near perihelion and Earth is near aphelion is sometimes called a perihelic apartition. U.S space program launching InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport)a lander probe that will the red planets deep interior to be launched in May of 2018.

Also see Mars 2018 from SEDS

Next Mars Opposition: July 22, 2018

Past Oppositions:
May 22, 2016 Scorpius.
April 17, 2014 Mars in Virgo.
March 3, 2012 the planet was located in the constellation of Cancer.

The Opposition Cycle of Mars - - From Jeffrey D. Beish
Shallow Sky - Mars Observing FAQ and Links: 2007 Opposition
A.L.P.O. MARS Section
British Astronomical Association (BAA) Mars Section
Observing Mars - Jeffrey D. Beish
A.L.P.O Mars Observers list on Yahoo

Mars Tools

Google Mars - Also check out the add-in available on Google Earth for Mars Information
Mars Which Side is Visible? - Find out with this application from Sky and Telescope Magazine


The 2003 apparition of Mars was proported to be the closest opposition to Mars in recorded history. According to sources, Earth came closer to Mars than it has been since 12,000 BC! The angular diameter of Mars was greater that 25 arc seconds, allowing amatuers to see and record the best detail ever.

Mars 2003: The View from Earth - Space Weather.Com


Mars Exploration Program - at JPL
NASA - Exploring Planet Mars - Resources for educators
Observing and Drawing Mars - NOVAC Northern Virginias Astronomy Club
NASA Glenn Participation in Mars Pathfinder
Planet Mars, Mars Exploration and Mars Missions - from SEDS
Observing the Planet Mars - - From Jeffrey D. Beish

* * *
The Three Faces of Mars page, in part, takes its name from the " Face on Mars" feature taken by the spacecraft Viking 1 orbiter many years ago. Today, ESA has created a movie of the martian feature, the Cydonia face. I give you this link to take you to the movie, Cydonia's 'Face on Mars' in 3D animation from the European Space Agency

* * *
A.L.P.O. Mars Section
The Planet Mars: A History of the Observation and Discovery
by William Sheehan - - an online look at the book
Global 3D maps of Mars
Marswatch 1998 - 1999 Apparition - From the Astronomy League.


Because every 26 months Earth passes the planet Mars that orbits the Sun at a greater distance, this brings the two planets to their closest distance. We can't afford to miss even one opposition, because every opposition is an opportunity!

ExoMars - Roscosmos State Corporation and ESA's latest mission launched successfully on March 14, 2016
Mars InSight - Launch moved to May 2018
MAVEN - Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN)
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission
Mars Express from ESA
Mars Global Surveyor Mission
Mars Odyssey
Center for Mars Exploration
JPL Mars Pathfinder also check on JPL's newsletter - Martian Chronicles
Mars Survey 98 Project Malin Space Science Systems
Mars Missions - from Malin Space Science Systems
JPL Marine 4 Home Page
Mariner 4 images
Viking Mission page from JPL
Mars Climate Orbiter
Mars Polar Lander
Phobos Mission
Life on Mars? - National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC)
Life on Mars: Possible Evidence - - From SEDS
On the Question of the Martian Meteorite - - Lunar and Planetary Institute
Meteorites From Mars!
CNN's Special Life on Mars
Human Mission to Mars - Wikipedia article
NASA's Mars Reference Mission - Reference Mission Version 3.0
A Mission Design for International Manned Mars Mission
Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group - Published Documents
Virgle - Join Google on the first permanent human colony on Mars

MOC views the Face of Mars
The Face of Mars
Article on the Face of Mars
Happy Crater Face


Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame - The Changing Face of Mars
Falling Onto Mars - On-line fiction by Geoffrey A. Landis
Mars by Stealth -Science Fiction/Comedy adventure by Peter Rasmussen
Mars Movie Guide - San Diego Mars Society

The 3 Faces of Mars title image was made using a number of graphic editors and borrowing one of the best shots of Mars from the Hubble Space Telescope from HST's Greatest Hits Page .

Last Modified 5/22/16

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